Research and publications:


The CESS backgrounder offers a wealth of information on a specific topic in a visually attractive manner. The backgrounders are stand-alone publications but are also used during CESS training courses to bring participants quickly up-to-speed on issues of democracy and security.

The basics of democratic security oversight: Albania, Kosovo, and North Macedonia
Compiled by Jos Boonstra, Enea Shehaj and Theoni Stamatopoulou

What is the role of the Albanian Assembly in overseeing security? How does the National Audit Office of Kosovo contribute to assessing security spending? In what capacity is the Ombudsman of North Macedonia part of the democratic system of security oversight? These backgrounders offer answers to these questions and many more in one quick glance.

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Albania: Democratic security oversight

Kosovo: Democratic security oversight

North-Macedonia: Democratic security oversight

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